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5 R's

Open Content and Open Educational Resource describe any copyrightable work that is:

1. in the public domain  OR
2. licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities.

5 R's of Open Educational Resources


  1. Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)
  2. Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
  3. Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
  4. Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
  5. Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)


This material was created by David Wiley and published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at

5 Rs of OER

Image: 5 R's of Open Education Resources | EllenSeptember | Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)

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