"The DSM is a manual outlining diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association. Currently in its fifth revision (DSM-5; APA 2013 ), the manual is widely used to classify patients and select them for research on particular disorders. The first edition of the DSM was published in 1952, in response to the apparent lack of consensus among North American psychiatrists about the criteria for various psychiatric disorders."
Bentall, R. (2006). DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders). In G. Davey, Encyclopaedic dictionary of psychology. London, UK: Routledge. Retrieved from CREDO.
"The DSM consists of three major components: diagnostic classification, diagnostic criteria sets, and descriptive text."
- The diagnostic classification is the official list of mental disorders recognized in DSM. Each diagnosis includes a diagnostic code, which is typically used by individual providers, institutions, and agencies for data collection and billing purposes. These diagnostic codes are derived from the coding system used by all U.S. health-care professionals, known as the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM).
American Psychiatric Association. (2017). About DSM-5. Retrieved from http://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm/about-dsm