When referencing the work of others in your own research, it is necessary to give credit to the original source.
The major citation styles (below) provide a structure to citing sources when writing in a discipline.
Most citation styles utilize two elements:
The bibliography (sometimes called "Works Cited") list provides references including complete bibliographic information for the sources you used, thereby allowing your reader to identify and locate those materials. To format the page:
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations (the bibliography) followed by a descriptive summary and evaluation of the source (the annotation). The annotation should inform the reader with a brief summary of the item, an evaluation of the information, and finally, a reflection on it's usefulness to your research project.
See Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) website for examples as well as the example below:
There are several citation styles, but the most frequently used on campus are MLA, APA, and Chicago citation styles. The library maintains copies of each print style guide; just ask at the Reference Desk to locate the guide you need.
In-text citations in the body of your paper point the reader to specific sources listed on your bibliography. They usually include the author’s last name or title (if no author is given) and the relevant page numbers (if given). See examples below. For more information on in-text citations, refer to the appropriate citation style manual on the page.
In-text Citation example, MLA Style
Author's name in text
Author has expressed this concern (118-21).
Author's name in parenthetical reference
This concern has been expressed (Author 118-21).